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Types of Control System – Introduction to Management (ITM)

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types of controlTypes of Control System
Principles of Management (POM)
Third Semester | Second year
BSc.CSIT | Tribhuvan University (TU)

Types of Control System
The purpose of the control system is to establish and maintain order in the management system. Three types of control are used in the process of control:

  • Pre-control
  • Concurrent control and
  • Post-control

1. Pre-control: It is also known as feed-forward or preventive control. It is the future directed control. It allows management to prevent problems rather than solving them after occur. It predicts problems that the management may face in future and identifies the steps to be taken to resolve them. It tries to anticipate deviation in advance and allows corrective action to be taken before the problem arises. It is a more appropriate approach to control as correction can be made before the system output is affected. In this system, inputs and processes are observed and analyzed for the purpose of adjusting them if necessary, before the output is obtained. Organizational plans such as strategies, policies, and procedures are pre-control devices.

2. Concurrent Control: It is also known as real time or steering control. Concurrent control is the technique of controlling the activities in the process of functioning. In this system, supervisors direct the work of subordinates so that they perform their work properly. In the process of functioning, if any problem takes place, it is identified an analyzed and corrective measures are taken before any major damage occurs. It is a continuous process and necessary adjustments are made in activities to meet the desired standard. Examples of concurrent control quality control chart in an industry, inventory, production control etc.

3. Post-control: It is also known as post-action or feedback control. It takes place after the activity is over. Management can take corrective action after analyzing deviation from the planned results. In other words, it is the process of adjusting future action on the basis of information about past performance. Examples are: Financial statement analysis, standard cost analysis, employees’ performance evaluation, quality control etc. Financial statement analysis helps to know the results of past performance in terms of profitability, financial position, cash flow etc. Post-control technique provides corrective feedback which facilitates the management to take necessary steps to improve future performance.

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