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POM Short Questions Solution – 2066 – Introduction to Management(ITM)

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Short questions solution-2066Short Questions Solution – 2066
Principles of Management (POM)
Third Semester | Second year
BSc.CSIT | Tribhuvan University (TU)

Short Questions Solution – 2066

a. Who is the father of Scientific Management?
Frederik W. Taylor (1856 – 1915) is known as father of Scientific Management.

b. Write a definition of Management?
Management is defined as the process of planning, organizing, directing, and controlling to accomplish the predetermined objectives effectively through the coordinated use of human and material resources.

c. What is ethics in management?
Moral principles and standards that guide behavior in the world of business are taken as ethics in management. It is a basis of determining right or wrong in a given situation. However there may be different sources of management ethics, we can generally describe ethics in management as above statement. Sources of ethics may be;

  • Societal Ethics
  • Professional Ethics
  • Individual Ethics

d. What is a System?
A system may be defined as a group of interrelated parts acting together to accomplish a goal. A system can be grouped in three types and they are;

  • Open system
  • Closed system
  • Sub system

e. What do you understand by the principle of Span of Control?
Principle of Span of Control determines the number of subordinates controlled directly by the superior. For example; A CEO may technically control hundreds of employees, but his or her span of control would only include the department heads or functional managers who reported to the CEO directly. It is important to note that all managers experience a decrease in effectiveness as their span of control exceeds the optimal level.

f. List any three advantages of Line organization.
Line organization is based on principle of scalar chain & unity of command. Duty, authority, responsibility are defined in all levels and authority flows from the top to bottom. Directions are issued by the highest authority through chain of command. Three advantages of Line Organization are as follows;

  • Fixed Responsibility
  • Prompt decision and
  • Flexibility

g. What physiological needs are described in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs?
Maslow’s Physiological need describe basics to human life. For example; Food, clothing, shelter, sex, air, water and other necessities of life. Employee also need to meet his/her physiological needs hence he/she is motivated to work.

h. Write any three sources of conflict?
Conflict refers to all kind of opposition between or among individuals and groups. It is generally taken as part of the organization reality. Any three sources of conflict are;

  • Conflict in Goals
  • Conflict in Ideas
  • Conflict in Attitudes

i. What can you understand by ‘1,1’ in explaining Managerial Grid of Theory?
Managerial Grid of Theory also uses two behavioral dimensions, i.e., concern for people and concern for production, as like Ohio study. It is Impoverished , laissez (1,1) style. This style has little concern for both people and production.

j. What do you understand by Corporate Social Responsibility?
Corporate Social Responsibility is a responsible business responsible to benefit society which is a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model. Corporate Social Responsibility policy functions as a self-regulatory mechanism whereby a business monitors and ensures its active compliance with the spirit of the law, ethical standards and national or international norms. It aim to increase long-term profits through positive public relations, high ethical standards to reduce business and legal risk, and shareholder trust by taking responsibility for corporate actions.

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