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Leadership Styles – Introduction to Management (ITM)

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leadership stylesLeadership Styles
Principles of Management (POM)
Third Semester | Second year
BSc.CSIT | Tribhuvan University (TU)

Leadership Styles
A. Motivational styles: Under this styles, the main function of the leader is to motivate the workers to produce more.

  • Positive approach of leadership: When a leader motivates people by offering them rewards, monetary or otherwise, for better performance the approach is said to be positive.
  • Negative approach of leadership: When a leader induces people to work hard by threatening them to penalize if work is not up to the mark, it is said to be a negative approach.

B. Power styles

  1. Autocratic leadership (authoritarian or work oriented): In this style the leader alone determines policy and makes plans. He/she tells others what to do and how to do it. He demand strict obedience and relies on the power of his position to reward and punish others. Followers get little freedom. Leader shows greater concern work than workers.
    • Strict autocrat: Leaders follow the autocratic style in a very strict sense. Always influence subordinates through negative motivational methods.
    • Benevolent autocrat: Leaders follow the positive motivational method. Uses power in the best interests of the group and offers rewards to motivate the subordinates. Can be effective in including efficiency in many situations.
    • Incompetent autocrat: Sometimes, superiors adopt an autocratic style just to hide their incompetence because in other styles they may be exposed before their subordinates.
  2. Free-rein style: In this style there is least intervention by the leader. In this the group operates entirely on its own. It fails to give the group the advantages of leader inspired motivation. Group members perform everything themselves and the manager usually maintains contact with outside persons to bring the information and materials which the group needs.
  3. Paternalistic style: Under this leader assumes paternal or fatherly role. He works to guide, protect and keep his followers happy, who work together as members of a family. He makes provision for good working conditions and other necessary services. It is expected that under such leadership workers will work harder out of gratitude.
  4. Democratic leadership: In this the entire group is involved in and accepts responsibility for goal setting and achievement. Subordinates have considerable freedom of action.
    • Democratic consultative leader: Seeks input and hears the concerns and issues of employees but makes the final decision by him/herself.
    • Democratic participative leader: Allows employees to have a say in what’s decided. Decisions are made by the group, with the leader providing input to that group.

C. Orientation styles

  • Employee oriented leadership: More concerned about their followers. They try to provide better working conditions and environment, satisfy their needs and pay the highest attention to their follower‘s interest, attitudes, and needs, etc. They solve the subordinates’ problems on the job.
  • Production or task oriented leadership: Under this leaders believes that their main concern is only to get the work done and for this purpose, they keep the subordinates busy all the time; in their zeal to produce more, they ignore the human aspect of the subordinates. They are of the opinion that they can attain results by better planning, engaging better methods and machines, and keeping the employees busy all the time.
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