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Procedural and Declarative knowledge with examples | Cognitive Science

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procedural and declarative knowledgeProcedural and Declarative knowledge
Fourth Semester | Tribhuvan University (TU)
Subject: Cognitive Science | BSc.CSIT

Knowledge is a theoretical or practical understanding of a subject or a domain. Knowledge is also the sum of what is currently known. In general, knowledge is more than just data, it consist of: facts, ideas, beliefs, heuristics, associations, rules, abstractions, relationships, customs.

Procedural Knowledge
Procedural knowledge is the knowledge, also known as imperative knowledge, which considers the question how to do something. It is the knowing how to perform certain activities. It is the knowledge exercised in the performance of some task. In artificial intelligence, procedural knowledge is one type of knowledge that can be possessed by an intelligent agent. Such knowledge is often represented as a partial or complete finite-state machine or computer program. A well-known example is the Procedural Reasoning System, which might, in the case of a mobile robot that navigates in a building, contain procedures such as “navigate to a room” or “plan a path”.

Declarative Knowledge
Declarative knowledge refers to factual knowledge and information that a person knows. It is considered as descriptive representation of a knowledge. Declarative learning is acquiring information that one can speak about. Population density of certain place is a declarative piece of information, while knowing how to ride a bicycle is not.

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