Definition and Concept of Management – Principle of Management (POM)

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Definition of ManagementPrinciple of Management (POM)
Definition/Concept of Management
Third Semester | Second Year
BSc.CSIT | Tribhuvan University

Definition/Concept of Management:
Management is the attainment of organizational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organizing, leading, and controlling organizational resources.

Depending upon the different orientations and approaches to management: productivity, process, or decision making, the scholars and the practitioners of management give different definitions: Some definitions are:

Park or Follet (1919):
Management is the art of getting things done with and through people.

Chester I. Barnard (1938):
Management as “getting things done through people by making the efficient use of resources.

Kast & Rosenzweig (1974):
“To make efficient use of resources and to get people and other resources to work harmoniously together in order to achieve objectives”

F.W. Taylor:
Management is knowing exactly what you want people to do, and then seeing that they do it in the best and cheapest way.

Henry Fayol:
To manage is to fore cast and plan, to organize, to command, to coordinate and to control.

Burton & Thakur:
Management is the process of planning, organizing, leading, & controlling the resources of an organization in the efficient & effective pursuit of specified organizational goals.

Ricky W. Griffin (2000)
A set of activities (including planning and decision making, organizing, leading, and controlling) directed at an organization’s resources (human, financial, physical, and information), with the aim of achieving organizational goals in an efficient and effective manner.

Conclusion:
Management may be defined as the process of planning, organizing, directing, and controlling to accomplish the predetermined objectives effectively through the coordinated use of human and material resources.

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