Concept of Leadership | Nature and Importance of Leadership

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LeadershipConcept of Leadership | Nature and Importance of Leadership
Principles of Management (POM)
Third Semester | Second year
BSc.CSIT | Tribhuvan University (TU)

Concept of Leadership
According to Newstrom and Davis –  “Leadership is the process of influencing and supporting others to work enthusiastically toward achieving objectives.”
According to Stephen P. Robbins –  “Leadership is the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals.”

In conclusion:
Leadership(or leading) is the ability(process) of influencing the behavior of people and directing towards the achievement of certain goals. It is the art of influencing and inspiring the behavior of others in accordance with requirements. Organization needs strong leadership and management to achieve maximum possible effectiveness out of the available human and other resources.

Nature of Leadership
Influence: leaders influence followers through non coercive power
Goal-Directed: leadership influences followers to willingly and enthusiastically achieve common goals.
Situational: situation determines the leadership style.
Unidirectional Authority: only leaders possess authority to direct followers not the followers.

Leadership is made up of Leader-who unites and stimulates the followers toward goals, Follower leader without followers is unthinkable and Situation leadership is situation specific, it makes or breaks the leaders.

Seven Leaderships Competencies

  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Integrity
  • Drive
  • Leadership motivation
  • Self Confidence
  • Intelligence
  • Knowledge of the Business Organization

Importance / Roles of Leadership

  • Determination of goals
  • Organization of activities
  • Achieving coordination
  • Representation of workers/ organization
  • Providing guidance
  • Inspiring of employees
  • Motivates employees
  • Creates confidence
  • Builds morale
  • Integrates and reconciles the personal goals with organizational goals
  • Solicits support
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