Sociology and Linguistics in Cognitive Science | Fourth Semester | BSc.CSIT (TU)

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sociology and linguisticsSociology and Linguistics in Cognitive Science
Fourth Semester | Second Year | Tribhuvan University (TU)
Subject: Cognitive Science | BSc.CSIT

Socio-cultural science: Sociology
Sociology is the scientific or systematic study of human societies. It is a branch of social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop and refine a body of knowledge about human social structure and activity.

Linguistics
Linguistics is another discipline that is arguably wholly subsumed by cognitive science. After all, language is often held to be the “mirror of the mind”- the (physical) means for one mind to communicate its thoughts to another.

Linguistics is the scientific study of natural language. The study of language processing in cognitive science is closely tied to the field of linguistics. Linguistics was traditionally studied as a part of the humanities, including studies of history, art and literature. In the last fifty years or so, more and more researchers have studied knowledge and use of language as a cognitive phenomenon, the main problems being how knowledge of language can be acquired and used, and what precisely it consists of. Some of the driving research questions in studying how the brain processes language include:

  1. To what extent is linguistic knowledge innate or learned?
  2. Why is it more difficult for adults to acquire a second-language than it is for infants to
    acquire their first-language?
  3. How are humans able to understand novel sentences?
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