Steps in Simulation Study | BSc.CSIT | Simulation and Modeling | Fifth Semester

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steps in a simulation studySteps in Simulation Study,
Simulation and Modeling Reference Notes
Fifth Semester | Third year
BSc.CSIT | Tribhuvan University (TU)

Simulation study is carried out in various steps. There are 12 steps in simulation study and they are as follows;

  1. Problem formulation
    Every study begins with a statement of the problem, provided by policy makers. Analyst ensures it’s clearly understood. If it is developed by analyst policy makers should understand and agree with it.
  2. Setting of objectives and overall project plan
    The objectives indicate the questions to be answered by simulation. At this point a determination should be made concerning whether simulation is the appropriate methodology. Assuming it is appropriate, the overall project plan should include;
    • A statement of the alternative systems
    • A method for evaluating the effectiveness of these alternatives
    • Plans for the study in terms of the number of people involved
    • Cost of the study
    • The number of days required to accomplish each phase of the work with the anticipated results.
  3. Model conceptualization
    The construction of a model of a system is probably as much art as science. The art of modeling is enhanced by ability:
    • To abstract the essential features of a problem
    • To select and modify basic assumptions that characterizes the system
    • To enrich and elaborate the model until a useful approximation results
    Thus, it is best to start with a simple model and build toward greater complexity. Model conceptualization enhances the quality of the resulting model and increases the confidence of the model user in the application of the model.
  4. Data collection
    There is a constant interplay between the construction of model and the collection of needed input data. It is done in the early stages. Objective kind of data are collected.
  5. Model translation
    Real-world systems result in models that require a great deal of information storage and computation. It can be programmed by using simulation languages or special purpose simulation software. Simulation languages are powerful and flexible. Simulation software models development time can be reduced.
  6. Verified
    It pertains to the computer program and checking the performance. If the input parameters and logical structure are correctly represented, verification is completed.
  7. Validated
    It is the determination that a model is an accurate representation of the real system. It is achieved through calibration of the model. The calibration of model is an iterative process of comparing the model to actual system behavior and the discrepancies between the two.
  8. Experimental Design
    The alternatives that are to be simulated must be determined. Which alternatives to simulate may be a function of runs? For each system design, decisions need to be made concerning
    • Length of the initialization period
    • Length of simulation runs
    • Number of replication to be made of each run
  9. Production runs and analysis
    They are used to estimate measures of performance for the system designs that are being simulated.
  10. More runs
    Based on the analysis of runs that have been completed, the analyst determines if additional runs are needed and what design those additional experiments should follow.
  11. Documentation and reporting
    Two types of documentation.
    • Program documentation
    • Process documentation
    Program documentation
    Can be used again by the same or different analysts to understand how the program operates. Further modification will be easier. Model users can change the input parameters for better performance.
    Process documentation
    Gives the history of a simulation project. The result of all analysis should be reported clearly and concisely in a final report. This enables to review the final formulation and alternatives, results of the experiments and the recommended solution to the problem. The final report provides a vehicle of certification.
  12. Implementation
    Success depends on the previous steps. If the model user has been thoroughly involved and understands the nature of the model and its outputs, likelihood of a vigorous implementation is enhanced.

steps in simulation study

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